What is PSHE?

PSHE Education (Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education) is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to successfully manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.
What do schools have to teach in PSHE Education?
According to the National Curriculum, every school needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that:
• promotes the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school;
• prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life;
• promotes British values.
From September 2020, primary schools in England also need to teach Relationships and Health Education as compulsory subjects and the Department for Education strongly recommends this should also include age-appropriate Sex Education.
Schools also have statutory responsibilities to safeguard their pupils (Keeping Children Safe in Education, DfE, 2019) and to uphold the Equality Act (2010).
The Jigsaw Programme supports all.



Our intention is that when children leave St Paul’s, they will do so with the knowledge, understanding and emotions to be able to play an active, positive and successful role in today’s diverse society. We want our children to have high aspirations, a belief in themselves and realise that anything is possible if they put their mind to it.  We offer a nurturing and inclusive learning environment in which each child is encouraged to develop their full potential and individual achievements are celebrated.  Our approach aims to develop the qualities and attributes children need to thrive as individuals, develop, positive, healthy relationships, and prepare them to be a global citizen now and in their future lives.






At St Paul's CofE (VC) Junior School we use a whole school PSHE scheme called Jigsaw.  Jigsaw combines PSHE, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development.  Jigsaw aims to help children know and value who they really are and how they relate to other people in this ever-changing world.  It reflects our school’s Church of England ethos and values and allows children to voice their ideas and opinions.  Jigsaw is a whole-school, spiral approach and embodies a positive philosophy and creative teaching and learning activities to nurture children’s development as compassionate and well-rounded human beings as well as building their capacity to learn.

Jigsaw has two main aims for all children:
• To build their capacity for learning
• To equip them for life
 There are six Puzzles (half-term units of work) and each year group is taught one lesson per week. All lessons are delivered in an age- and stage-appropriate way so that they meet children’s needs.


The impact of following the our PSHE and RSHE programme is that by the time children leave St Paul’s CofE (VC) Junior School pupils will:


SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural) development opportunities are mapped throughout the Jigsaw scheme. Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural learning opportunities are brought together to form a cohesive picture, helping children to know and value who they are and understand how they relate to other people in the world.  Please click on the image below to see the SMSC Mapping Links across the Jigsaw scheme.

British Values

The Government set out its definition of British Values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy.  The Prevent Strategy, released to combat extremism in the UK, defined “British values” as the promotion of “democracy, rule of law, equality of opportunity, freedom of speech and the rights of all men and women to live free from persecution of any kind” 

 The Department of Education has reinforced the need “to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote ...fundamental British values.” 

 The term British Values and the values themselves might be slightly misleading in that these values are integral to so many countries throughout the world – they differ in no way from the values of the majority of cultures.   

 At St Paul’s CofE Junior School we value and celebrate the diverse heritages of all the cultures within our school and what it means to be part of British Society. We fully embrace and celebrate diversity and the many qualities this brings to our school.  

Our curriculum reflects, celebrates and teaches children about diversity, learning about a wide range of traditions.  We encourage our pupils to reflect on people’s values and what they mean for themselves and others, and wherever possible to use their values to guide their actions.   

Jigsaw contributes, as a good PSHE programme should, to the British Values agenda very significantly, both through the direct teaching of information and through the experiential learning children will enjoy.  The 5 strands of the British Values (Democracy, Rule of Law, Individual Liberty, Mutaul Respect, Tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs) have been mapped across every Puzzle and every Piece (lesson). Information regarding this can be found by clicking on the image below.


Relationships, Sex and Health Education 

An important part of the Jigsaw PSHE programme is delivered through the 'Relationships' and 'Changing Me' puzzle pieces which are covered in the summer term. 

There are four main aims of teaching RSE:

• To enable children to understand and respect their bodies
• To help children develop positive and healthy relationships appropriate to their age and development
• To support children to have positive self-esteem and body image
• To empower them to be safe and safeguarded.

PSHE/RSHE Policy and Parent/Carer Consultation

As part of our curriculum and RSHE policy review, we held a consultation from 24/2/21 to 15/3/21 to a gather views from the full school community. Whilst there may well be differences of opinion about our RSHE provision, the consultation helped us to ensure our RSHE provision is appropriate for our pupils based on their: Age, physical and emotional maturity, religious and cultural backgrounds, special educational needs and disabilities.   

Year 3 Jigsaw Curriculum

 Year 4 Jigsaw Curriculum

 Year 5 Jigsaw Curriculum

 Year 6 Jigsaw Curriculum

 Church of England Principles



At St Paul’s we have many days throughout the academic year which have a focus on PSHE. In addition to these, many educational visits incorporate elements of PSHE and develop children within their own local area, community and areas further afield. They are given many varied opportunities to develop their skills in the wider environment and these hands-on life-lessons ensure increasing confidence for all children.  Educational visits and residential visits provide opportunities for children to practise their skills of citizenship, confidence and support increasing self-esteem.  We hold many special days and weeks where we learn the to value ourselves, keep safe and healthy, support and respect others:

Further Information and documents for parents and carers


Helpful books we also have in school

Diary Dates